1913 - 1989
Further Biographical Context for Einar Hylander
Einar Hylander was born in 1913 and grew up during the 1930s and was inspired by the artistic culture of the time. The period of the 1930s is characterised by the clashing of many political ideologies, including Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism. In the Soviet Union, Stalin’s government needed urgent funds to implement the rapid industrialisation demanded by the first Five Year Plan. It initiated a secret strategy to sell off treasures from the State Hermitage Museum in Leningrad (St. Petersburg), including a primary list of two hundred and fifty priceless paintings by the Old Masters, many which ended up in the collection of Andrew Mellon via the New York based art dealing company, Knoedler.