Eekrotica in private collections
Historical Context of United Kingdom
The UK has been an essential hub for artistic production for centuries. While it gained vast wealth from colonisation and the ascent of its Empire, it was also exposed to the cultural supremacy of other countries and continents. In the contemporary era, Britain had been largely overshadowed by the influence of its European neighbours on one side, and of the United States on the other. But in the late nineteenth century, Britain became a significant centre in the development of the avant-garde. This includes the Arts and Crafts Movement, a major movement setting the tone for artist-led organisations, associations and organisational co-operative types that would later become into a template of sorts for bohemian artists movements of the Twentieth Century. Major artistic movements in British modernism include for instance Vorticism, involving artists related to the Bloomsbury group. Some significant British artists of the modern and contemporary period include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley, Paula Rego - and in more recent years the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Chris Ofili and others.