Edwin Boyd Johnson

1904 · United States

Artist biography

Edwin Boyd Johnson is seen as an established artist, who originates from the United States. Edwin Boyd Johnson was born in 1904. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include Franz Kline, Walker Evans, Lee Krasner, Willem de Kooning and Arshile Gorky.

Edwin Boyd Johnson's Gallery representation

Edwin Boyd Johnson's work is on display at Richard Norton Gallery located in Chicago, the United States.

Historical Context of United States

The United States has been a major country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war period, when the cultural prominence of New York asserted its influence over Paris, formerly thought of as the most important art hub in the world. Major art movements established and cultivated in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in various forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast branches, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern iterations of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary age, the United States has cultivated a prevailing influence upon the international visual culture, due to the hegemony of its economic and political systems. Key examples of world renowned U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Edwin Boyd Johnson

Born in 1904, Edwin Boyd Johnson was primarily inspired by the 1920s. The 1920s and 1930s saw continued development and evolution of the key innovations of the first years of the twentieth century. To have these years as the formative period for an artist was to be surrounded by inspiring practitioners of the pictorial arts. It was also a time of recovery and introspection after the horrors of the First World War, which saw significant shifts in politics. Marxism was a predominant political ideology which was also tremendously influential amongst artists and their communities. The Bauhaus was founded in 1919, and became an essential place surrounding ideas in favour of the unification of art, craft and design disciplines – an idea that became known as the Gesamtkunstwerk. Surrealism came to be the predominant expressive mode of the 1920s, and was aided by the liberalism of Germany’s Weimar Republic, which was an environment that allowed for remarkable creative developments.