1904 - 1980
Further Biographical Context for Edward Callam
Born in 1904, Edward Callam grew up during the 1920s and was influenced by the artistic culture of the time. Key artistic developments that had been established in the earlier part of the 20th century continued to be developed during the 1920s and 1930s. During this period the careers of many inspiring and pioneering artists began to flourish, yet at the same time there was an atmosphere of reflection and sombreness following the horrors of the First World War. Major shifts in politics were taking place worldwide, and Marxism took a strong hold as an ideology amongst artist groups and communities. Due to its cultural significance, Surrealism spread as an philosophy on an international scale, and became the most prominent theme of the pictorial arts in the 1920s. The Bauhaus movement developed during this time and focused on a unification of all modes of art, working towards the idea of the ‘Gesamtkunstwerk’. The liberal politics of the Weimar Republic in Germany enabled this movement to blossom and grow and develop further.