1924 · Spain
Eduardo Chillida is an established contemporary artist, who originates from Spain. Eduardo Chillida was born in 1924. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Antoni Tapies, Eduardo Chillida and Eduardo Arroyo.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Eduardo Chillida is represented and exhibited by multiple galleries around the world, in countries such as the United Kingdom and Spain. Some of those galleries are Sims Reed Gallery and Annely Juda Fine Art in London, as well as Galería Cayón | Blanca de Navarra 9 in Madrid. Eduardo Chillida most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Galerie Ulrike Hrobsky in Vienna with the exhibition light | shadow part II. The exhibition was open from 27 March 2019 until 03 May 2019. Eduardo Chillida's other most recent exhibitions recorded on Artland include the exhibitions; BLACK | WHITE - LIGHT | SHADOW (13 February 2019 - 15 March 2019) at Galerie Ulrike Hrobsky in Vienna and Summer Exhibition (21 July 2019 - 30 August 2019) at Willem Baars Projects in Amsterdam. Eduardo Chillida's first listed exhibition in Artland's database was called Untitled and took place at Bernhard Knaus Fine Art in Frankfurt, Germany from the 16 November 2017 to 20 January 2018.
Eduardo Chillida in private collections
Historical Context of Spain
Spain has played a crucial role in the maturation of art in the twentieth century. In the early 1900s, a young Pablo Picasso developed a uniquely expressive approach to figuration in the post-Impressionist era, initially with his Blue then Rose periods, although he was to settle in Paris in 1904. Picasso was also the chief founding member of the Cubist movement, a group in which he was joined by fellow Spaniard Juan Gris. Both Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were leading figures in the Surrealist movement, though they were also domiciled in France for large parts of their careers. During the twentieth century the political and cultural landscape of Spain was ruled by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco whose dictatorship ruled the country, in one form or another, from 1939 until 1975, at which time the monarchy was restored to Juan-Carlos I who then implemented substantial reform. The Franco regime was characterised by its brutal anti-communist stance, and the departure of important intellectual and cultural figures that chose not to live under an oppressive regime. The cultural life of the avant-garde suffered significantly, since liberal artistic movements are often known for their leftist leanings. Significant modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo, and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Eduardo Chillida
Eduardo Chillida was born in 1924 and was predominantly inspired by the 1950s. Abstract Expressionism prevailed in the 1950s as a primary method of painting, and explored ideas about the sublime and spirituality. Artists endeavoured to focus on painting’s formal properties, and Action Painting took inspiration from the political freedoms of the United States, in opposition to the strictures of the Soviet bloc. Important artists of this period included Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb. In later revisions, the contributions and efforts of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois have been acknowledged, amongst many other female creatives.