1945 · Denmark
Ebbe Møllermark is a contemporary artist considered well established, who originates from Denmark, like other artists such as Elmgreen & Dragset, Magnus Pettersen, Florin Nedelcu, Anette Tjærby, and Kehnet Nielsen. Ebbe Møllermark was born in 1945.
Historical Context of Denmark
As the southernmost of the Scandinavian countries, Denmark has often been very influenced by the Germanic culture of Northern Europe, that borders its southern limits. This sensibility is often mixed with the Nordic attributes of restraint and melancholy in its arts. At the end of the nineteenth century, and in the earlier part of the twentieth, Denmark originated a key painter of Post-Impressionism, Vilhelm Hammershøi. Acclaimed for his wistful and extremely scarce interiors, Hammershøi's reputation was founded on his exquisite depictions of light and shadow in modest, elegant interiors, most often his own residence. In the later twentieth century, Denmark was a significant country in the CoBrA movement of Expressionist painting, where the naming convention was derived from the cities of the founding members - the Co standing for Copenhagen on behalf of Danish artist Asger Jorn. Established in 1949, CoBrA's bright colours and lively childlike figures became both a scandal and sensation. Other critically acclaimed modern and Danish artists include Per Kirkeby, Olafur Eliasson, Danh Vō, Sergej Jensen and Tal R.
Further Biographical Context for Ebbe Møllermark
Ebbe Møllermark was born in 1945 and was largely influenced by the 1960s. The universal impact of the 1960s was truly sensational across the globe. Evocative of a time inspiring both faith and anger, the 1960s prompted an explosion of cutting-edge ideologies and movements, truly sensational and spectacular. Historically established in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly influential impact internationally, mainly defined by the Iron Curtain dividing Europe both physically and spiritually, and drastically marked by the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing expectations on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The significant boom of mass consumerism also defined the era, generating new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism developed the central idea that art should subsist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the physical world. Born of a desire to eradicate all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism turned into a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key figures. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to explore further some of the most fundamental ideologies of Abstract Expressionism, while getting rid of the emotional and highly personal aspect it would usually entail with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply identifying with Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own distinctions and scopes, particular to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for example, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies embraced by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism strongly influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who sought to portray the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the lingering angst of the meaninglessness of life.