Eliza Douglas

1984 · United States

Artist biography

Eliza Douglas is an established mid-career contemporary artist, who originates from the United States, like other artists such as Edward Bright Bruce, Thomas Joshua Cooper, Vern Blosum, Polly Chandler, and Mark Hagen. Eliza Douglas was born in 1984.

Eliza Douglas in private collections

It is the collector Giovanni Springmeier, who is in possession of art by Eliza Douglas at Artland. Giovanni Springmeier also has works by other artists including Jaume Roig, Owanto, and Liam Fallon.

Historical Context of United States

The US, especially New York city, endures as a focal point that has played a significant role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly powerful art hub appeared in the post war era, and the city thrived in asserting its supremacy over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful international art capital.

The predominance of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern era has granted the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are significant art movements that emerged in the US. These very movements also echoed into a multitude of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally distinguished U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Eliza Douglas

Eliza Douglas was born in 1984 and was largely influenced by the 1990s. In the United Kingdom, a group of artists known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, dominated the artistic culture of the decade. They were a loosely affiliated and diverse group, connected generally by their age and nationality. A number of the members had attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by Charles Saatchi, the ‘super collector’ of art at the time. The most famous member of the group is arguably Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). Through their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, the YBAs gained a controversial public image which was further fuelled by their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an attitude that was at the same time rebellious and entrepreneurial. The group was predominant in the British art scene in the 1990s and their group show ‘Sensation’ is now viewed as legendary.

The boom in consumerism and advertising that took place in the 1980s influenced a trend in Japan that matured into the art form of manga, which was visually influenced by trends in advertising and graphic design. Takashi Murakami arose as a leading figure in the art world, coining the term ‘Superflat’ to describe a theory inspired by the aesthetic characteristics of manga and the nature of post-war Japanese culture. Murakami went on to found the influential Kaikai Kiki group, which was inspired by his experiences living in New York City in the mid-1990s.

Relational Aesthetics, a term coined by curator Nicholas Bourriaud to describe the act of making art based on human relations and their social context, became a central idea in the 1990s. Works by artists like Douglas Gordon, Gillian Wearing, Philippe Parenno and Liam Gillick were described as key artists who worked to this agenda.

The art world was influenced by a number of trends throughout the 1990s, the controversial, hyper-realistic sculptures of Maurizio Cattelan and the sensitive, conceptual work of Felix Gonzalez-Torres characterised the atmosphere of the era.

German artists and ideas strongly influenced trends in conceptual photography during this period. German artists such as Andreas Gursky, Thomas Struth, and Wolfgang Tillmans gained international recognition, and inspired international artists such as the Canadian Jeff Wall, who created images with a cinematic expressiveness that were inspired by the themes represented in the German artists’ work. At the same time, Albert Oehlen and Martin Kippenberger gained influential status in the field of painting.

Eliza Douglas

  • Exhibitions 2

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