Dorothy Chisholm is seen as an established contemporary artist, Dorothy Chisholm was born in 1942. Also born in 1942 and of this same generation are Tibor Borbas, Gwynn Murrill, Nancy Arlen, Nicky Nodjoumi, and Chiang Ming-Hsien.
Further Biographical Context for Dorothy Chisholm
Dorothy Chisholm was born in 1942 was as deeply indebted to the events of the 1960s as their formative influences. The astronomical impact of the 1960s was truly astonishing across the globe. Evocative of a time inspiring both faith and anger, the 1960s prompted an outburst of cutting-edge ideologies and movements, truly sensational and ground-breaking. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly influential impact globally, largely defined by the Iron Curtain dividing Europe both physically and spiritually, and drastically marked by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing expectations on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The significant boom of mass consumerism also defined the era, engendering new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism established the central idea that art should subsist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the real world. Born of a desire to obliterate all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism turned into a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key figures. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to explore further some of the most fundamental ideologies of Abstract Expressionism, while eliminating the emotional and highly personal aspect it would usually entail with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply relating to Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that echoed through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own distinctions and scopes, distinctive to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for example, was established in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies embraced by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism deeply influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who sought to depict the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the haunting anxiety of the meaninglessness of life.