Donald Hounam is seen as an established artist. Donald Hounam was born in 1948. Also born in 1948 and of this same generation are Antonio Argudo, Georges Golfinos, Kepa Akixo, Charles-Henri Monvert, and Joan Cardells.
Further Biographical Context for Donald Hounam
Donald Hounam was born in 1948 and was primarily influenced creatively by the 1960s. The astronomical impact of the 1960s was truly astonishing across the globe. Illustrative of a time inspiring both faith and anger, the 1960s prompted an explosion of new ideologies and movements, truly sensational and spectacular. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly influential impact globally, mainly defined by the Iron Curtain dividing Europe both physically and spiritually, and drastically marked by the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing expectations on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The incredible escalation of mass consumerism also defined the era, generating new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism developed the central idea that art should subsist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the real world. Born of a desire to obliterate all pre-established conceptions about art, Minimalism became a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Minimalism became significant through the works of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley, while Pop art was a fundamental by-product of the latter, simultaneously critiquing and glorifying popular culture. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own distinctions and scopes, distinctive to different areas or countries. Spatialism, for example, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies embraced by the Zero group in Germany. Across Europe, the ideologies of Existentialism strongly influenced artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who sought to depict the raw human emotions often connected to reflections on death and the haunting anxiety of the meaninglessness of life.