1914 · Italy
Domenico Matteucci is seen as an established artist, who was born in Italy. Domenico Matteucci was born in 1914. Artists Pietro Annigoni and Alberto Burri are of the same generation and same country as Domenico Matteucci.
Historical Context of Italy
Italy has been tremendously rich in cultural power since the time of the Romans, this classical period has exerted a major influence on the cultural growth and identity of the country. Italy represents the realm of the Renaissance, called 'Rinascita' in Italian, translating to 'rebirth'. The Renaissance has been considered, from the early 1400s, as the first extensive blossoming of cultural erudition in art, architecture, music, poetry, philosophy and politics since the Middle Ages. Throughout the modern and contemporary period, Italy was afflicted by the fascism of Mussolini but has nevertheless endured as a vital heart for artistic expression, initiating movements such as Futurism, Arte Povera and the Minimalism related to the Zero Movement, as well as the expressive painting of the Transavanguardia. Important Italian artists of the twentieth and twenty first centuries include Giorgio Di Chirico, Giacomo Balla, Giorgio Morandi, Alberto Giacometti, Lucio Fontana, Michelangelo Pistoletto, Francesco Clemente and Mimmo Paladino.
Further Biographical Context for Domenico Matteucci
Domenico Matteucci was born in 1914 and was primarily influenced creatively by the 1930s. Internationally this period can be best characterised by the clash between the world’s dominant political philosophies - Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism. In the Soviet Union, Stalin’s government required urgent funds to implement the rapid industrialisation demanded by the first Five Year Plan. It initiated a secret strategy to sell off treasures from the State Hermitage Museum in Leningrad (St. Petersburg), including a preliminary list of two hundred and fifty rare paintings by the Old Masters, many of which found their way to the collection of Andrew Mellon via the New York based art dealing company, Knoedler.