1905 - 1988 · Spain
Díaz Caneja was a visual artist, who originated from Spain. Díaz Caneja was born in 1905 and died in 1988. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Salvador Dalí, Óscar Domínguez and Remedios Varo.
Historical Context of Spain
Spain has played a crucial role in the development of art in the twentieth century. In the early 1900s, a young Pablo Picasso established a distinctively expressive approach to figuration in the post-Impressionist era, initially with his Blue then Rose periods, although he was to settle in Paris in 1904. Picasso was also the central founding member of the Cubist movement, a group in which he was joined by fellow Spaniard Juan Gris. Both Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were leading figures in the Surrealist movement, though they were also domiciled in France for large parts of their careers. Throughout the twentieth century the political and cultural landscape of Spain was ruled by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco whose dictatorship ruled the country, in one form or another, from 1939 until 1975, at which time the monarchy was restored to Juan-Carlos I who subsequently implemented considerable reform. The Franco regime was characterised by its brutal anti-communist stance, and the departure of important intellectual and cultural figures that elected not to live under an oppressive regime. The cultural life of the avant-garde suffered greatly, since liberal artistic movements are often noted for their leftist leanings. Key modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo, and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Díaz Caneja
Born in 1905, Díaz Caneja grew up during the 1920s and was inspired by the artistic culture of the time. The key innovations established in the early years of the 20th century were matured further in the 1920s and 1930s. This period established the careers of many innovative and inspiring practitioners in the pictorial arts. However it was a period of reflection following the horrors of the First World War, and significant shifts in politics took place internationally. The philosophy of Marxism was prevalent among artist communities and groups. In Paris, artists such as Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine developed methods of art which were dramatic and dynamic. Surrealism continued to grow in the 1920s and 1930s, and focused on the human unconscious and Freudian theory. Important artists to arise from this movement were Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Surrealism spread as an ideology worldwide due to its cultural relevance, and grew to become the key expressive mode of the 1920s. It was aided by the liberal characteristics of Weimar Republic in Germany, and blossomed under this way of thinking.