Diana Rattray

1947 · United Kingdom

Artist biography

Diana Rattray is an established artist, who originates from the United Kingdom. Diana Rattray was born in 1947. Artists Maggi Hambling, Richard Cook and Phyllida Barlow are of the same generation and same country as Diana Rattray.

Diana Rattray's Gallery representation

Diana Rattray's work is on display at Galerie Michael Haas in Berlin, Germany.

Historical Context of United Kingdom

The United Kingdom has been an important hub for artistic production for centuries. While it accrued tremendous wealth through colonisation and the ascent of its Empire, it was also exposed to the cultural supremacy of other countries and continents. In the contemporary era, Britain had been to a great extent eclipsed by the importance of its European neighbours on one side, and of the United States on the other. But towards the end of the nineteenth century, Britain became an important focal point in the development of the avant-garde. This includes the Arts and Crafts Movement, a major movement paving the way for artist-led organisations, guilds and organisational co-operative types that would later become into a template of sorts for bohemian artists movements of the Twentieth Century. Ground-breaking artistic movements that characterize British modernism include for instance Vorticism, involving artists related to the Bloomsbury group. Some notable British artists of the modern and contemporary period include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley, Paula Rego - and in more recent years the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Chris Ofili and others.

Further Biographical Context for Diana Rattray

Born in 1947, Diana Rattray was largely inspired by the 1960s growing up. The 1960s were a sensational decade internationally, witnessing a proliferation of modernist philosophies and trends. It was the era of Kennedy and Kruschev, and the start of the Cold War, which would endure for most of the second half of the twentieth century, and was characterised most symbolically by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The Iron Curtain divided Eastern and Western Europe, both ideologically and literally, and student political uprisings took place around the world. Psychedelia, an enormous increase in consumerism, and the associated trends of marketing and advertising further defined the era. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, based solely on line, colour and geometric form as key elements of both painting and sculpture. The key figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Pop Art was a prominent offshoot of minimalism, a discipline that became renowned through the work of artists like Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley. Globally, many artistic movements resonated the creative concerns of the previously mentioned movements, often with regional specialties and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni developed Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker adopted similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of inspiration for artists, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti achieving international prominence for their idiosyncratic approaches to the human form and the anguish related to the human condition.

Diana Rattray

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