1955 · Netherlands
Désirée Tonnaer is seen as an established contemporary artist, who was born and brought up in the Netherlands, like other well-known artists such as Toon Koster, Anne De Vries, Roger Cremers, Joost Tholens, and Mrvinne. Désirée Tonnaer was born in 1955.
Désirée Tonnaer in private collections
Historical Context of Netherlands
The Netherlands has been recognised as an artistic and cultural capital for centuries, for instance through the international influence of renowned artists such as Jan van Eyck in the fifteenth century. In the 1600s, the Dutch Golden Age saw the rise of such illustrious artists as Rembrandt, Rubens, Vermeer, Van Dyck and Van Ruisdael. Dutch artist Vincent Van Gogh is considered as one of the most significant forerunners of the post-Impressionist era and is seen today as an extraordinary, unprecedented painter that has influenced the art sphere regardless of any era or movement. Originally established as a magazine, De Stijl was a movement that pioneered abstract art in the Netherlands, driven by Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesberg. De Stijl artists would espouse a visual language solely composed of geometrical shapes, and the movement also had a significant influence on modern architecture as well as design. Gerrit Rietveld was a powerful architect and designer who embraced the ideals and the essence of De Stijl in his work. Willem de Kooning was also a Dutch national, though he migrated to the United States in the earlier years of his life, and his work was largely influenced by the Abstract Expressionism movement prosperous in New York City in the late 1940s and 1950s.
Further Biographical Context for Désirée Tonnaer
Désirée Tonnaer was born in 1955 and was predominantly influenced by the 1970s growing up. The 1970s were a period of consolidation and growth in the arts, most often characterised as a response to the dominant strains of the preceding decade. Conceptual art developed as a key movement, and was in part an evolution of and response to minimalism. Land Art took the artwork into the sprawling outdoors, taking creative production away from commodities and looking to engage with the earliest ideas of environmentalism. Process art combined elements of conceptualism with other formal reflections, creating cryptic and experimental bodies of work. Expressive figurative painting began to regain prominence for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism twenty years before, especially in Germany where Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz became highly respected figures worldwide. Many of the artists who became so famous and successful in the 1960s remained leading figures. For example, Andy Warhol branched out into film and magazine publishing, the first type of pan cultural activity for a visual artist. This secured his reputation as a globally renowned celebrity in his own right. International movements began to gain popularity included feminism, which translated strongly into the visual culture, and photorealism which had begun in the 1960s and enjoyed substantial commercial and critical success. For the first time painters and sculptors from Latin America were embraced by the leading critical and institutional levers in New York.