David Alfaro Siqueiros
1896 - 1974 · Mexico
David Alfaro Siqueiros was an artist, who originated from Mexico, like other well-known artists such as Gullirmo Pacheco, Diana Salazar, Mario García Torres, Carlos Estrada-Vega, and Daniel Escobedo. David Alfaro Siqueiros was born in 1896 and died in 1974.
Further Biographical Context for David Alfaro Siqueiros
Born in 1896, David Alfaro Siqueiros was predominantly influenced by the 1900s and 1910s. The first decades of the twentieth century were defined by the vibrant development of visual and pictorial art. These years were an era of experimentation, with artists exploring into ideas surrounding Post-Impressionism, Expressionism and Abstraction. These innovations took hold with artist communities and collectives on an international scale, with many groups developing different methods of communicating their ideas.
The first twenty years of the twentieth century are seen as the period in art history where modernist and modern ideas first began to have cultural influence. They were a prolific time in the art world, and industrial advances such as mechanisation led to other disciplines such as architecture, led by the work of Le Corbusier and Gerrit Rietveld, to grow at an equally high rate. The idea of a shared discipline across all modes of art was epitomised in the Bauhaus movement, which became a leading way of thinking about art. These philosophies that we associate today with modern and contemporary art can be traced back to the diverse range of artworks produced at this time.
Across the world, Expressive painting continued to be explored and developed in many countries. In France in the early 1900s, the Nabis delved into this movement, and were soon followed by German groups such as Die Brucke and Der Blaue Reiter. Through this movement the careers of some famous artists such as Kirchner, Franz Marc, and Wassily Kandinsky were came to fruition.
After the First World War, artists started to explore psychological uses of art in response to the terrors they had experienced. Dadaism, an absurdist movement influenced directly by the events of the war, spread to many countries across Europe and established the careers of famous artists such as Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Hannah Höch and Kurt Schwitters. The movement of Surrealism, inspired by ideas concerning psychology and the subconscious which were initially developed by Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, was developed from the ideas posed by Dada.