1959 · Netherlands
Danny Kalkhoven is regarded as a well established artist, who was born in the the Netherlands, like other celebrated artists such as Esther Mantje, Just Quist, Coen Vunderink, Koen Vermeule, and Mark Manders. Danny Kalkhoven was born in 1959.
Historical Context of Netherlands
The Netherlands has a solid heritage for art and design in the twentieth century culture, although its place as a cultural powerhouse had been long established, centuries before the fifteenth century, when artists like Jan van Eyck were among the most renowned in the world. The Dutch Golden Age of the 1600s brought such personalities as Rembrandt, Rubens, Vermeer, Van Dyck and Van Ruisdael. Willem de Kooning is also Dutch, although he emigrated to the United States in his youth and his work is most closely related to the New York City Abstract Expressionist scene of the late 1940s and 1950s.
Further Biographical Context for Danny Kalkhoven
Born in 1959, Danny Kalkhoven was primarily inspired by the 1970s growing up. Conceptualism is often perceived as a reaction to Minimalism, and the dominant art movement of the 1970s, challenging the boundaries of art with its revolutionary features. The movements that ensued were all representative of a strong desire to evolve and consolidate the art world, in response to the tensions of the previous decade. Process art branched out from Conceptualism, including some of its most crucial aspects, but going further in creating mysterious and experimental artistic journeys, while Land Art brought creation to the outsides, initiating early philosophies of environmentalism. In Germany, Expressive figure painting was given another chance for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism almost two decades, the genre reclaimed its distinction through the brushstrokes of Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. The multicultural and refined position that New York city held in the 1960s remained just as influential in the 1970s. With multiple international renowned artists gravitating the galleries and downtown scene, the city once again strengthened its reputation as the artistic heart of the era. The critically engaged Mono-Ha movement, comprised of Japanese and Korean artists, flourished in Tokyo in the 1970s. Discarding conventional ideas of representation, the artists favoured an interpretation of the world through an engagement with materials and an examination of their properties. The artworks would often consist of encounters between natural and industrial materials such as stone, glass, cotton, sponge, wood, oil and water, mostly unaltered intact.