1941 · United States
Dale Chihuly is an established contemporary visual artist, who originates from the United States. Dale Chihuly was born in 1941. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Chuck Close, Dale Chihuly, Bruce Nauman, James Turrell and Barbara Kruger.
Dale Chihuly is represented by 3 galleries around the world, including countries like the United Kingdom and the United States. Some of those galleries are Halcyon Gallery in London, L.A. Louver in Los Angeles, as well as Talley Dunn Gallery in Dallas.
Historical Context of United States
The United States, especially New York city, remains as a focal point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The idea of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly powerful art hub emerged in the post war era, and the city succeeded in affirming its dominance over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful international art capital. The predominance of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern sphere has granted the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are essential art movements that flourished in the United States. These very movements also echoed into a multitude of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast variants of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally distinguished U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Dale Chihuly
Born in 1941, Dale Chihuly was primarily influenced by the 1960s. The 1960s were a sensational decade internationally, bearing witness to proliferation of modernist ideas and trends. It was the era of Kennedy and Kruschev, and the start of the Cold War, which would endure for most of the second half of the 20th century, and was epitomised most symbolically by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The Iron Curtain divided Eastern and Western Europe, both ideologically and literally, and student political uprisings took place around the world. Psychedelia, an vast increase in consumerism, and the associated trends of marketing and advertising further epitomised the era. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, based solely on line, colour and geometric form as key constituents of both painting and sculpture. The significant figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Pop Art was a powerful offshoot of minimalism, a discipline that became renowned through the work of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley. Globally, many artistic movements resonated the creative concerns of the above mentioned movements, often with regional fortes and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni established Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker adopted similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of creativity for artists, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti becoming known worldwide for their distinctive approaches to the human form and the anguish related to the human condition.