Further Biographical Context for Cui Chengshun
Born in 1951, Cui Chengshun was largely influenced by the 1970s. The art sphere of the 1970s was epitomized by a wish to evolve and strengthen itself, as a response to the many conflicts of the previous decade. One of the most central movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which emerged as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative voyage of Process art emerged by combining essential features of Conceptualism with further reflections on art itself. The earliest ideas of environmentalism sprung from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, carving the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the regression of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly re-emerged and regained its prominence, predominantly in Germany through the works of critically acclaimed figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. Most of the dominant artistic figures of the 1960s remained greatly influential and popular throughout the 1970s. Andy Warhol, for instance, fortified his reputation as a legendary artist, by bifurcating into film and magazine publishing, thus instituting a ground-breaking concept of cross-cultural activity for a visual artist of such popularity Artists such as Jannis Kounnelis, Mario Merz, and Michelangelo Pistoletto gained worldwide success, as they were widely recognized as renowned members of the Italian movement Arte Povera, much-admired in the 1970s.