1934 · Italy
Claudio Olivieri is an established contemporary visual artist, who was born and brought up in Italy, like other renowned artists such as Gianluca Concialdi, Ketty La Rocca, Andrea Zuppa, Domenico Bianchi, and Carol Rama. Claudio Olivieri was born in 1934.
Historical Context of Italy
Italy has been vastly rich in cultural influence since the time of the Romans, this classical period has exerted a major influence on the cultural growth and distinctiveness of the country. Italy represents the country of the Renaissance, called 'Rinascita' in Italian, signifying 'rebirth'. The Renaissance has been considered, from the early 1400s, as the first major blossoming of cultural erudition in art, architecture, music, poetry, philosophy and politics since the Middle Ages. During the modern and contemporary period, Italy was tormented by the fascism of Mussolini but has nonetheless remained as a vital centre for artistic expression, initiating movements such as Futurism, Arte Povera and the Minimalism related to the Zero Movement, as well as the expressive painting of the Transavanguardia. Important Italian artists of the twentieth and twenty first centuries include Giorgio Di Chirico, Giacomo Balla, Giorgio Morandi, Alberto Giacometti, Lucio Fontana, Michelangelo Pistoletto, Francesco Clemente and Mimmo Paladino.
Further Biographical Context for Claudio Olivieri
Born in 1934, Claudio Olivieri grew up during the 1950s and was influenced by the artistic culture of the time. In the Post-War period the lens of modernism was focused, in terms of international attention, on developments in New York City. The Second World War had brought many prominent artists to the city in exile from Europe, leading to a significant pooling of talent and ideas. Important Europeans that came to New York and provided inspiration for American artists included Piet Mondrian, Josef Albers and Hans Hoffmann, who between them set the foundations for much of the United States’ explosive cultural growth in the decades thereafter. Important artists of the Abstract Expressionist Generation included Jackson Pollock (who innovated his famed drip, splatter and pour painting techniques), Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb. It was a male dominated environment, but necessary revisionism of this period has highlighted the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.