1944 · France
Christian Boltanski is seen as an established contemporary artist, who originates from France, like other prominent artists such as Roman Opałka, Hélène Valentin, Georges Dambier, Cécile Dupaquier, and Catherine Viollet. Christian Boltanski was born in 1944.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Christian Boltanski's work is on display in several galleries around the world, in countries like the United Kingdom, Poland, and the United States. Galleries include Marian Goodman Gallery | London in the United Kingdom, Marian Goodman Gallery | Paris in France, and Galeria Foksal in Poland. Christian Boltanski most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at MAC VAL | Musée d’art contemporain du Val-de-Marne in Paris with the exhibition Le vent se lève. The exhibition was open from 07 March 2020 until 28 March 2020. Christian Boltanski's other most recent exhibitions recorded on Artland include the exhibitions; Christian Boltanski + Selection #14 by Daniel Bosser (08 November 2019 - 10 January 2020) at Florence Loewy in Paris and Studio d'arte Cannaviello 1968/2018 Cinquant'anni di attività (27 September 2018 - 27 November 2018) at Studio d'Arte Cannaviello in Milan. Christian Boltanski's first recorded exhibition in Artland's database was called Studio d'arte Cannaviello 1968/2018 Cinquant'anni di attività and took place at Studio d'Arte Cannaviello in Milan, Italy from the 27 September 2018 to 27 November 2018.
Historical Context of France
France has been an influential nation in the development of modernism. During the 19th century, France fostered the foundations of what is today known as the avant-garde, with movements such as Impressionism, Post-Impressionism and Art Nouveau, led by internationally famed artists. In the first half of the 20th century, Paris was a crucial intellectual and cultural hub, originating cutting-edge movements such as Cubism, Fauvism, Dadaism and Surrealism, amongst others. These movements emerged at the beginning of the century, in the period immediately preceding the Second World War. Major French creative figures from the beginning of the century include Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque (Spanish national who settled in France) Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, and Le Corbusier amidst a multitude of others.
Further Biographical Context for Christian Boltanski
Christian Boltanski was born in 1944 and was predominantly influenced by the 1960s. Art turned into a vehicle for dogmas and other agendas, with Pop and Minimalism appearing simultaneously as the most significant art movements of the decade. Pop Art in New York city embraced the culture of mass media and mass consumerism, with Artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Tom Wesselmann getting inspired by television, comic strips, billboards and other products of the rise of Capitalism for their artworks. On the other side of the country, the West Coast in California, the first elements of what would be known as Conceptual art were developing. Minimalism developed the central idea that art should subsist in its own reality, and not try to represent the physical world. Born of a desire to eradicate all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism turned into a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Minimalism became significant through the works of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley, while Pop art was an essential by-product of the latter, at the same time critiquing and glorifying popular culture. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own nuances and scopes, distinctive to different areas or countries. Spatialism, for instance, was established in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies adopted by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism strongly influenced artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who sought to portray the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the haunting angst of the meaninglessness of life.