Further Biographical Context for Cheng Junjie
Born in 1958, Cheng Junjie's creative work was primarily inspired by the 1970s. The art sphere of the 1970s was epitomized by a longing to evolve and reinforce itself, as a reaction to the many conflicts of the previous decade. One of the most central movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which appeared as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative voyage of Process art emerged by combining essential aspects of Conceptualism with further considerations on art itself. The earliest ideas of environmentalism sprung from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, sculpting the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the regression of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly resurfaced and regained its prominence, predominantly in Germany through the works of world renowned figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. Most of the dominant artistic figures of the 1960s remained greatly influential and admired throughout the 1970s. Andy Warhol, for instance, secured his reputation as a legendary artist, by branching out into film and magazine publishing, thus instituting a ground-breaking concept of cross-cultural activity for a visual artist of such popularity Reaching the end of the 1970s, street art, evolving from graffiti, was starting to truly mesmerize the fine art community. Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basquiat helped legitimize spray painting and tagging, demonstrating that their artworks could exist at the same time in art galleries and in urban settings. Following, the global reach of street art would become extremely significant, representing an astonishing form of artistic expression.