1909 - 1972
Further Biographical Context for Chen Zhichu
Chen Zhichu was born in 1909 and was largely inspired by the 1920s. Key artistic developments that had been established in the earlier part of the 20th century continued to be worked on during the 1920s and 1930s. At this time the careers of many influential and pioneering artists began to blossom, yet at the same time there was an atmosphere of reflection and solemnity following the horrors of the First World War. Significant shifts in politics were happening worldwide, and Marxism took a strong hold as an ideology within artist groups and communities. The primary focus for art during this time was on Freudian theory and the human subconscious, and these ideas were best represented by artists including Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux, whilst in Paris, artists such as Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine established methods of art which were vivid and dynamic.