Historical Context of China
An innovator in technology and technical innovation in both the arts and sciences, China and its artisans have pioneered many astounding innovations. For example, true porcelain, with kaolin as the key ingredient, emerged in China in the early 1300s. It would not be developed in Europe with the same technical quality and physical properties until 1722, when the Meissen factory in Germany also unboltned the secrets of the recipe. In the Maoist era, stretching for decades from the mid-century period, art and culture served the revolutionary communism of Chairman Mao, brimming with the heroic figures of social realism and various propagandist ideals.