Chen Xiaonan

1908 - 1993

Artist biography

Chen Xiaonan was a creative visual artist, Born in 1908, Chen Xiaonan passed away in 1993. Also born in 1908 and of this same generation are Julia Alsop, Stephen Berge, Alberto Brambilla, Otto F. Bielefeld, and Luigi Bazzali.

Further Biographical Context for Chen Xiaonan

Chen Xiaonan was born in 1908 and was primarily inspired by the 1920s. The notable innovations formed in the early years of the 20th century were matured further in the 1920s and 1930s. This period established the careers of many radical and inspiring practitioners in the pictorial arts. However it was a period of reflection following the horrors of the First World War, and major shifts in politics took place internationally. The philosophy of Marxism was widespread among artist communities and groups. In Paris, artists such as Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine established methods of art which were dramatic and dynamic. Surrealism continued to mature in the 1920s and 1930s, and focused on the human unconscious and Freudian theory. Important artists to arise from this movement were Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Surrealism spread as an ideology worldwide due to its cultural significance, and developed to become the integral expressive mode of the 1920s. It was aided by the liberal characteristics of Weimar Republic in Germany, and flourished under this way of thinking.