1904 - 1943
Further Biographical Context for Chen Lizhi
Chen Lizhi was born in 1904, grew up during the 1920s and was inspired by the artistic culture of the time. The 1920s and 1930s saw continued development and evolution of the key innovations of the first years of the twentieth century. To have this time as the formative period for an artist was to be surrounded by innovative practitioners of the pictorial arts. It was also a time of recovery and introspection after the horrors of the First World War, which saw important shifts in the political world. Marxism was a widespread political ideology which was also extremely influential amid artists and their communities. Key artistic developments included a kind of expressive mannerism which was exemplified by Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine in Paris. Surrealism developed throughout the 1920s and 1930s, with a focus on the human unconscious - a fundamental idea of Freudian theory. Important Surrealist artists include Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Due to its cultural importance, much of this ideology spread on a global scale.