Chen Jianguo is seen as an established contemporary artist, Chen Jianguo was born in 1941. Artists Gerald Breitschuh, Johan Peter Allroggen, Valeriu Boborelu, Albino Bombardelli, and Stanley Dean Edwards are of the same generation.
Further Biographical Context for Chen Jianguo
Born in 1941, Chen Jianguo was largely influenced by the 1960s growing up. Artistically, the decade began with the twin movements of Pop and Minimalism emerging parallel to each other. On one hand, Pop championed the visual culture of the mainstream and mass media, and of products and consumerism. The work of art by artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann and Claes Oldenberg was inspired by the popular culture of the rapidly developing Capitalism of the United States, using things like advertising, comic books and ideas surrounding celebrity culture as their main visual cues. A parallel movement was established on the West Coast in California - a strain that also related to language in art, and is viewed as the very first developments of conceptual art. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, focused solely on line, colour and geometric form as key constituents of both painting and sculpture. The significant figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Colour Field painting, as practiced by Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler, further developed some of the expressive philosophies of Abstract Expressionism, but reduced much of the rhetoric, instead approaching a more rule-based approach to surface and colour that related this practice to Minimalism. Globally, a number of artistic movements resonated the artistic concerns of the above mentioned movements, often with regional specialisms and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni established Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker adopted similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of creativity for artists, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti becoming known worldwide for their distinctive approaches to the human form and the anguish related to the human condition.