1890 - 1974
Further Biographical Context for Chen Ji
Born in 1890, Chen Ji was predominantly influenced by the 1900s and 1910s growing up. The first decades of the 20th century were defined by the energetic development of visual and pictorial art. These years were an time of experimentation, with artists delving into ideas surrounding Post-Impressionism, Expressionism and Abstraction. These developments took hold with artist communities and collectives across the globe, with many groups developing a variety of methods of communicating their ideas. After the First World War, artists endeavoured to explore psychological uses of art in response to the horrors they had witnessed. Dadaism, an absurdist movement influenced directly by the events of the war, spread to a number of countries across Europe and began the careers of well known artists such as Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Hannah Höch and Kurt Schwitters. The movement of Surrealism, inspired by ideas concerning psychology and the subconscious which were initially established by Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, was developed from the ideas posed by Dada.