1901 - 1994
Further Biographical Context for Chen Haitao
Chen Haitao was born in 1901, grew up during the 1920s and was influenced by the artistic atmosphere of the time. The 1920s and 1930s saw continued development and evolution of the key innovations of the early years of the twentieth century. To have this time as the formative period for an artist was to be surrounded by innovative practitioners of the visual arts. It was also a time of recovery and introspection after the horrors of the First World War, which saw significant shifts in the political world. Marxism was a widespread political ideology which was also tremendously influential among artists and their communities. The Bauhaus was founded in 1919, and became an indispensable place surrounding ideas in favour of the unification of art, craft and design disciplines – an idea that became known as the Gesamtkunstwerk. Surrealism came to be the predominant expressive mode of the 1920s, and was aided by the liberalism of Germany’s Weimar Republic, which was an environment that allowed for remarkable creative flowering.