1890 - 1961
Further Biographical Context for Chen Gongzhe
Born in 1890, Chen Gongzhe's creative work was largely influenced by the 1900s and 1910s. The first decades of the twentieth century were defined by the vibrant development of visual and pictorial art. These decades were an time of experimentation, with artists delving into ideas surrounding Post-Impressionism, Expressionism and Abstraction. These developments took hold with artist communities and collectives around the world, with many groups developing a variety of methods of expressing their ideas. The first twenty years of the twentieth century are viewed as the period in art history where modernist and modern ideas first began to have cultural effects. They were a prolific time in the art world, and industrial advances such as mechanisation led to other disciplines like architecture, led by the work of Le Corbusier and Gerrit Rietveld, to grow at an equally high rate. The notion of a shared discipline across all modes of art was epitomised in the Bauhaus movement, which became a leading way of thinking about art. These philosophies that we associate today with modern and contemporary art can be traced back to the diverse range of artworks produced at this time.