Further Biographical Context for Chen Chu
Chen Chu was born in 1954 and was predominantly inspired by the 1970s. The art sphere of the 1970s was epitomized by a desire to grow and strengthen itself, as a response to the many tensions of the previous decade. One of the most important movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which appeared as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative journey of Process art emerged by combining essential elements of Conceptualism with further reflections on art itself. The initial ideas of environmentalism bounced from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, sculpting the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the regression of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly re-emerged and regained its status, especially in Germany through the works of critically acclaimed figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. The city of New York persisted as the most prominent artistic hub of the decade, with global artists drifting through the downtown scene, frequenting bars and art galleries, consolidating the idea of New York City as a cosmopolitan and sophisticated cultural capital. A few significant global movements that sharpened the decade include photorealism, which was initially introduced in the 1960s and reached commercial and critical success in the 1970s, as well as feminism which had a strong impact on the visual culture.