1944 · United States
Charles Gaines is an established contemporary artist, who was born in the United States. Charles Gaines was born in 1944. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include Chuck Close, Robert Mappelthorpe, Bruce Nauman, Laurie Andersen and Barbara Kruger.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Charles Gaines is represented and exhibited by multiple galleries around the world, in countries like France, Switzerland, and the United States. Galleries include Galerie Max Hetzler | Paris in France, Hauser & Wirth | Zurich in Switzerland, as well as Hauser & Wirth | East 69th Street in the United States. Charles Gaines' work has most recently been exhibited at Hauser & Wirth | Los Angeles in the United States (13 September 2019 until 04 January 2020) with the exhibition Palm Trees and Other Works. Charles Gaines' other most recent exhibitions recorded on Artland include the exhibitions; Solo Exhibition (02 May 2018 - 22 June 2018) at Paula Cooper Gallery | 521 West 21st Street in New York and Solo Exhibition (09 November 2018 - 22 December 2018) at Galerie Max Hetzler | Bleibtreustrasse in Berlin.
Historical Context of United States
The US, in particular New York city, remains as a focal point that has played a significant role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The idea of New York as a new multinational and highly powerful art centre appeared in the post war era, and the city succeeded in asserting its dominance over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful international art capital. The predominance of the political and economic institutions of the United States in the modern era has granted the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are significant art movements that emerged in the United States. These very movements also echoed into a myriad of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Charles Gaines
Charles Gaines was born in 1944 and was predominantly influenced creatively by the 1960s. Art turned into a vehicle for dogmas and other agendas, with Pop and Minimalism appearing concurrently as the most significant art movements of the decade. Pop Art in New York city embraced the culture of mass media and mass consumerism, with Artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Tom Wesselmann getting inspired by television, comic strips, billboards and other products of the rise of Capitalism for their artworks. On the other side of the country, the West Coast in California, the first elements of what would be known as Conceptual art were developing. Minimalism established the crucial idea that art should exist in its own reality, and not try to represent the real world. Born of a desire to eradicate all pre-established conceptions about art, Minimalism turned into a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key figures. Minimalism became significant through the works of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley, while Pop art was a fundamental by-product of the latter, simultaneously critiquing and glorifying popular culture. The iconic contemporary art movements that echoed through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own distinctions and scopes, distinctive to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for example, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies adopted by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the ideologies of Existentialism deeply influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to depict the raw human emotions often connected to reflections on death and the haunting anxiety of the meaninglessness of life.