Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a prominent country in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war era, when the cultural importance of New York asserted its influence over Paris, formerly considered as the most powerful art hub worldwide. Leading art movements developed and cultivated in extensive ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in varied forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast branches, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern iterations of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary age, the United States has exercised a prevailing influence over the visual culture of the World, due to the dominion of its economic and political systems. Key examples of world renowned U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.