Chai Hiang Cheo
Chai Hiang Cheo is an established contemporary artist, Chai Hiang Cheo was born in 1946. Artists born in the same year and of the same generation are Keith Brocklehurst, Svend Bayer, Chris Bruder, Annegret Soltau, and Alberto Candian.
Further Biographical Context for Chai Hiang Cheo
Born in 1946, Chai Hiang Cheo was as deeply indebted to the events of the 1960s as their formative influences. The astronomical impact of the 1960s was truly sensational across the globe. Illustrative of a time stirring both hope and anger, the 1960s prompted an outburst of cutting-edge ideologies and movements, truly sensational and spectacular. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly influential impact worldwide, mainly defined by the Iron Curtain separating Europe both physically and spiritually, and drastically marked by the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing assumptions on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The incredible boom of mass consumerism also defined the era, generating new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism developed the crucial idea that art should subsist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the real world. Born of a desire to obliterate all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism turned into a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Minimalism became significant through the works of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley, while Pop art was an essential by-product of the latter, at the same time critiquing and glorifying popular culture. The iconic contemporary art movements that echoed through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own nuances and scopes, distinctive to different areas or countries. Spatialism, for instance, was established in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies adopted by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism strongly influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to depict the raw human emotions often connected to reflections on death and the haunting angst of the meaninglessness of life.