1975 · United Kingdom
Catherine Williams is an established, mid-career contemporary artist, who was born in the United Kingdom. Catherine Williams was born in 1975. Also born in the United Kingdom around 1975 and of the same generation are Banksy, Idris Khan and Annie Morris.
Historical Context of United Kingdom
The UK has been an essential hub for artistic production for centuries. While it gained vast wealth from colonisation and the ascent of its Empire, it was also exposed to the cultural supremacy of other countries and continents. Throughout the contemporary period, Britain had been to a great extent overshadowed by the status of its European neighbours on one side, and of the United States on the other. But in the late 19th century, Britain became a significant centre in the development of the avant-garde. This includes the Arts and Crafts Movement, a major movement setting the tone for artist-led organisations, associations and organisational co-operative types that would later develop into a template of sorts for bohemian artists movements of the Twentieth Century. Important artistic movements that epitomize British modernism include for instance Vorticism, involving artists related to the Bloomsbury group. Some significant British artists of the modern and contemporary era include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley, Paula Rego - and in more recent years the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Chris Ofili and others.
Further Biographical Context for Catherine Williams
Born in 1975, Catherine Williams' creative work was primarily inspired by the 1980s. The 1980s were a turbulent time culturally, and were marked by growing global capitalism, widespread mass media, significant discrepancies in wealth, alongside a distinctive sense of music and fashion, epitomised by electronic pop music and hip hop. Artists growing up during this time were heavily influenced by this cultural atmosphere. The 1980s were an important decade in terms of politics, marked by the African Famine and the end of the Cold War, which was signified by the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Neo Geo and The Pictures Generation became leading art movements during the decade, alongside Neo-Expressionism which became popular in Germany, France and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). Artists such as Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel were key artists of the era, alongside Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf, who established the street art and graffiti movements.