1962 · Netherlands
Carmen Barton is seen as an established contemporary artist, who was born and brought up in the Netherlands, like other well-known artists such as Jaap Van Den Ende, Iwan Baan, Reinier Lucassen, Wieteke Heldens, and Bertien Van Manen. Carmen Barton was born in 1962.
About Carmen Barton's work
Carmen Barton is a notable figure in Abstraction. Born in the early 20th century, abstract art can be characterised as a movement evading the classical definition of art, which succeeded in creating its own tradition through freedom and a new perception of reality. In abstract artworks, the objects are simplified, modified, and hold little to no reference to reality. Abstract art represents a pivotal moment in modernism, and its roots can be traced to Impressionism. With Abstraction, the artists are free to explore deep into their emotions, and create completely new and liberated representations of the world, which are inherent to their own perception of it. Wassily Kandinsky, who believed that colours and shapes could be used to represent the artist’s inner turmoil, is often considered as the father of abstract art.
Historical Context of Netherlands
The Netherlands has been recognised as an artistic and cultural capital for centuries, for instance through the international influence of celebrated artists such as Jan van Eyck in the fifteenth century. In the 1600s, the Dutch Golden Age saw the rise of such illustrious artists as Rembrandt, Rubens, Vermeer, Van Dyck and Van Ruisdael. Dutch artist Vincent Van Gogh is considered as one of the most significant forerunners of the post-Impressionist era and is still regarded as an extraordinary, unprecedented painter that has influenced the art sphere regardless of any era or movement. At first established as a magazine, De Stijl was a movement that pioneered abstract art in the Netherlands, driven by Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesberg. De Stijl artists would adopt a visual language solely composed of geometrical shapes, and the movement also had a profound influence on modern architecture as well as design. Gerrit Rietveld was a powerful architect and designer who embraced the ideals and the essence of De Stijl in his work. Willem de Kooning was also a Dutch national, though he relocated to the United States in the earlier years of his life, and his work was largely influenced by the Abstract Expressionism movement thriving in New York City in the late 1940s and 1950s.
Further Biographical Context for Carmen Barton
Carmen Barton was born in 1962 and was largely influenced by the 1980s. The generation of artists that grew up in, and took inspiration from, the 1980s was influenced by a period of fast growing global capitalism, political upheaval, significant wealth differences, global mass media and distinctive music and fashion, including electronic pop music and hip hop. The nineteen eighties was the era of African famine, the height of the Cold War, and also the end of it, as marked by the fall of the Berlin Wall. Important art movements of the era include Neo Geo, The Pictures Generation and the global trend of Neo-Expressionism which manifested in Germany, the USA and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). The decade was exemplified by artists like Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel. Street art and graffiti began to gain recognition, notable artists of which include Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf.