1949 · Spain
Carlos Pazos is seen as an established artist, who originates from Spain, like other celebrated artists such as Ripolles, Clara Carvajal, Penélope Clot, Ramón Castellano de Torres, and Orr Sung Tieu. Carlos Pazos was born in 1949.
About Carlos Pazos' works
Carlos Pazos plays a pivotal role in the fields of Figuration, Design and Conceptual. Figurative art can merely be understood as art that contains strong references to the real world, or to the human figure. Often thought of as the polar opposite of Abstraction, figurative art can nonetheless remain incredibly stimulating and ground-breaking, since it involves a significant number of opportunities to depict the chosen object or figure. The variety of style in figurative art is enormous, and spans across Paul Cézanne’s bathers to Jean-Michel Basquiat’s neo-expressionist paintings.
The lines between art and design are blurred and can be difficult to define. Also referred to as applied arts, the genre includes different categories such as industrial design, graphic design and fashion design. In the graphic arts, ranging from photography to illustration, it is often the context that will provide a difference between Fine Arts and Applied Arts; such a distinction is most often based on how the work is produced, and how it is traded.
Emerging as an art movement in the 1960s, Conceptualism has attracted a significant amount of controversy and debate, often provoking intense reactions in its audience. Conceptual art by essence implies that the idea behind the actual artwork is more valuable than the finished product itself. The research and strategies conducted by the artist represent the most significant part of the work, conceptual art thus aims to be an art of the mind, instead of appealing to the senses. Although it refers to art from the mid 1960s to the mid 1970s, the origins of Conceptualism can be traced back to 1917, with Marcel Duchamp and his controversial artwork Fontaine, which tried to erase the boundaries between art and reality. Conceptual art is not as straightforward as other movements, as it uses an interdisciplinary approach, and the artworks can take the form of anything - from everyday objects to performances requiring audience participation.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Carlos Pazos' work is available on display in Michel Soskine Inc. in Madrid, Spain and ADN Galeria in Barcelona, Spain. Carlos Pazos' most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at ADN Galeria in Barcelona (13 March 2020 until 22 May 2020) with the exhibition Interrogantes suspendidos o Déjà vu?. Carlos Pazos' only other recorded exhibition on Artland is 5994 is just a number, which took place at ADN Galeria in Barcelona, Spain (09 October 2019 - 29 November 2019).
Historical Context of Spain
Spain has played a crucial role in the development of art in the twentieth century. In the early 1900s, a young Pablo Picasso developed a uniquely expressive approach to figuration in the post-Impressionist era, firstly with his Blue then Rose periods, although he was to settle in Paris in 1904. Picasso was also the central founding member of the Cubist movement, a group in which he was joined by fellow Spaniard Juan Gris. Both Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were prominent figures in the Surrealist movement, though they were also lived in France for large parts of their careers.
During the twentieth century the political and cultural landscape of Spain was ruled by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco whose dictatorship ruled the country, in one form or another, from 1939 until 1975, at which time the monarchy was restored to Juan-Carlos I who subsequently implemented considerable reform. The Franco regime was noted for its brutal anti-communist stance, and the departure of key intellectual and cultural figures that elected not to live under an oppressive regime. The cultural life of the avant-garde suffered significantly, since liberal artistic movements are often known for their leftist leanings. Important modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo, and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Carlos Pazos
Carlos Pazos was born in 1949 and was largely influenced creatively by the 1960s. Artistically, the decade began with the twin movements of Pop and Minimalism emerging at a similar time. On one hand, Pop espoused the visual culture of the mainstream and mass media, and of products and consumerism. The work of art by artists like Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann and Claes Oldenberg was inspired by the popular culture of the fast developing Capitalism of the United States, using things like advertising, comic books and ideas surrounding celebrity culture as their primary visual cues. A parallel movement developed on the West Coast in California - a strain that also related to language in art, and is viewed as the very first flowerings of conceptual art.
The 1960s were an explosive decade internationally, witnessing a proliferation of modernist ideas and trends. It was the era of Kennedy and Kruschev, and the beginning of the Cold War, which would endure for most of the second half of the twentieth century, and was characterised most symbolically by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The Iron Curtain divided Eastern and Western Europe, both ideologically and literally, and student political uprisings took place across the globe. Psychedelia, an enormous increase in consumerism, and the associated trends of marketing and advertising further epitomised the era.
Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, focused solely on line, colour and geometric form as key elements of both painting and sculpture. The key figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin.
Colour Field painting, as practiced by Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler, further explored some of the expressive notions of Abstract Expressionism, but stripped away much of the rhetoric, instead approaching a more rule-based approach to surface and colour that associated this practice with Minimalism.
Pop Art was a prominent offshoot of minimalism, a discipline that became renowned through the work of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley.
Globally, many artistic movements resonated the creative concerns of the previously mentioned movements, often with regional specialisms and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni established Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker adopted similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of creativity for artists, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti achieving international prominence for their distinctive approaches to the human form and the angst related to the human condition.