Janet Cardiff

1957 · Canada

Artist biography

Janet Cardiff is an established contemporary artist, who was born in Canada, like other famous artists such as Angela Bulloch, Marianna Rothen, Amy Friend, Ronald Bladen, and Fabienne Lasserre. Janet Cardiff was born in 1957.

Galleries and Exhibitions

Janet Cardiff's work is available on display in Luhring Augustine | Bushwick and Luhring Augustine | Chelsea in New York, the United States. Janet Cardiff's work has most recently been displayed during the exhibition Night Walk for Edinburgh at The Fruitmarket Gallery in Edinburgh, the United Kingdom. The exhibition was open from 24 July 2019 until 24 August 2019. Janet Cardiff's other most recent exhibitions listed on Artland include the exhibitions Night Walk for Edinburgh (15 November 2019 - 30 January 2020) at The Fruitmarket Gallery in Edinburgh and LONG STORY SHORT: ANNIVERSARY EXHIBITION (23 October 2019 - 17 January 2020) at Fraenkel Gallery in San Francisco.

Further Biographical Context for Janet Cardiff

Janet Cardiff was born in 1957 and was predominantly influenced creatively by the 1970s growing up. Conceptualism is often perceived as a reaction to Minimalism, and the dominant art movement of the 1970s, challenging the boundaries of art with its revolutionary features. The movements that succeeded were all characteristic of a strong desire to evolve and strengthen the art world, in response to the tensions of the previous decade. Process art branched out from Conceptualism, including some of its most essential aspects, but going further in creating mysterious and experimental artistic journeys, while Land Art brought creation to the outsides, initiating early philosophies of environmentalism. In Germany, Expressive figure painting was given another chance for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism almost twenty years ago, the genre regained its distinction through the brushstrokes of Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz.

The multicultural and sophisticated position that New York city held in the 1960s remained just as influential in the 1970s. With multiple international renowned artists gravitating the galleries and downtown scene, the city once again strengthened its reputation as the artistic hub of the generation.

The majority of the critically acclaimed artists from the 1960s, who had gained success and fame, kept their status in the 1970s. Andy Warhol was a prominent figure of those two decades, and in the 1970s started to experiment with film and magazine publishing, thus engaging in a cross-cultural activity that no other visual artist of such standard had previously undertaken. By doing so, he secured his status as a celebrity.

Street art started to emerge as a true and recognized form of art towards the end of the 1970s. Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring were pioneers in demonstrating that their artworks could exist at the same time in art galleries and on city walls. Driven by graffiti art, street art from its earliest days showed that it could endure in a unceasing flux of self-transformation, eternally shifting the limits of modern art, becoming a truly ground-breaking artistic genre.

All over, various movements defined the 1970s. Amongst others, feminism and the innovative radical ideologies it occasioned strongly influenced the visual culture. Photorealism, which had emerged in the 1960s, also gained critical and commercial success. The critical, leading artistic pillars of New York city started to embrace painters and sculptors from Latin America.

The critically engaged Mono-Ha movement, comprised of Japanese and Korean artists, blossomed in Tokyo in the 1970s. Rejecting conventional ideas of representation, the artists favoured an interpretation of the world through an engagement with materials and an examination of their properties. The artworks would often consist of encounters between natural and industrial materials such as stone, glass, cotton, sponge, wood, oil and water, mostly unaltered intact.

The Arte Povera movement, which appeared in Italy, received global distinction in the 1970s, and leading figures such as Jannis Kounnelis, Mario Merz, and Michelangelo Pistoletto were critically acclaimed.

Janet Cardiff