Further Biographical Context for Cao Jingle
Cao Jingle was born in 1936 and was primarily influenced by the 1950s. Abstract Expressionism, a form of painting that explored ideas of spirituality and the sublime, dominated the 1950s. Many artists concentrated on the formal properties of painting, and action painting took inspiration from the political freedom of the United States, as opposed to the strict nature of the Soviet bloc. Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb were influential artists of this time. The male dominated environment has been subsequently revised to recognise the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.