1894 - 1969
Further Biographical Context for Cao Jiaqi
Born in 1894, Cao Jiaqi was largely influenced by the 1900s and 1910s growing up. The first decades of the 20th century were defined by the vibrant development of visual and pictorial art. These years were an time of experimentation, with artists exploring into ideas surrounding Post-Impressionism, Expressionism and Abstraction. These innovations took hold with artist communities and collectives across the globe, with many groups exploring different ways of communicating their ideas. After the First World War, artists started to explore psychological uses of art in response to the horrors they had witnessed. Dadaism, an absurdist movement influenced directly by the events of the war, spread to a number of countries across Europe and began the careers of famous artists such as Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Hannah Höch and Kurt Schwitters. The movement of Surrealism, inspired by ideas concerning psychology and the subconscious which were first developed by Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, was developed from the ideas posed by Dada.