1900 - 1981
Further Biographical Context for Cai Zhiying
Born in 1900, Cai Zhiying was largely inspired by the 1920s. Key artistic innovations that had been established in the earlier part of the 20th century continued to be matured during the 1920s and 1930s. During this period the careers of many influential and pioneering artists began to blossom, yet at the same time there was an atmosphere of consideration and solemnity following the horrors of the First World War. Significant shifts in politics were taking place worldwide, and Marxism took a strong hold as an ideology amongst artist groups and communities. Due to its cultural importance, Surrealism spread as an philosophy on an international scale, and became the leading theme of the pictorial arts in the 1920s. The Bauhaus movement developed during this time and concentrated on a unification of all modes of art, working towards the idea of the ‘Gesamtkunstwerk’. The liberal politics of the Weimar Republic in Germany enabled this movement to blossom and flourish and develop further.