Further Biographical Context for Cai Zhijian
Cai Zhijian was born in 1938 and was primarily inspired by the 1950s. In the Post-War period the lens of modernism was focused, in terms of international attention, on developments in New York City. The Second World War had brought many prominent creatives to the city in exile from Europe, leading to a significant pooling of talent and ideas. Influential Europeans that came to New York and provided inspiration for American artists included Piet Mondrian, Josef Albers and Hans Hoffmann, who between them set the grounds for much of the United States’ significant cultural growth in the subsequent decades. Influential artists of the Abstract Expressionist Generation included Jackson Pollock (who innovated his famed drip, splatter and pour painting techniques), Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb. It was a male dominated environment, though necessary revisionism of this period has highlighted the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.