1937 - 2010
Further Biographical Context for Cai Yan
Born in 1937, Cai Yan was primarily inspired by the 1950s. Abstract Expressionism, a form of painting that studied notions of spirituality and the sublime, dominated the 1950s. Many artists focused on the formal properties of painting, and action painting took inspiration from the political freedom of the United States, as opposed to the strict strictures of the Soviet bloc. Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb were influential artists of this period. The male dominated environment has been subsequently revisited to acknowledge the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.