Bruce Richards

1948 · United States

Artist biography

Bruce Richards is seen as an established artist, who was born and brought up in the United States. Bruce Richards was born in 1948. Artists Chuck Close, Robert Mappelthorpe, Bruce Nauman, Laurie Andersen and Barbara Kruger are of the same generation and same country as Bruce Richards.

Bruce Richards' Gallery representation

Bruce Richards is represented and exhibited by Jack Rutberg Fine Arts located in Los Angeles, the United States.

Historical Context of United States

The United States has been key in the evolution of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war period, when the cultural importance of New York asserted its influence over Paris, previously considered as the most important art centre globally. Major art movements developed and fostered in extensive ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in varied forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variations, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern iterations of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary age, the United States has cultivated a prevailing influence upon the visual culture of the World, due to the dominion of its economic and political institutions. Key examples of critically acclaimed U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Bruce Richards

Born in 1948, Bruce Richards was primarily influenced by the 1960s. The 1960s were a sensational decade internationally, bearing witness to great increase of modernist philosophies and trends. It was the era of Kennedy and Kruschev, and the beginning of the Cold War, which would endure for most of the second half of the twentieth century, and was epitomised most symbolically by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The Iron Curtain divided Eastern and Western Europe, both ideologically and literally, and student political uprisings took place across the globe. Psychedelia, an massive increase in consumerism, and the associated trends of marketing and advertising further defined the era. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, predicated solely on line, colour and geometric form as key elements of both painting and sculpture. The significant figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Pop Art was an influential offshoot of minimalism, a discipline made famous by through the work of artists like Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley. Around the world many artistic movements resonated the creative concerns of the above mentioned movements, often with regional fortes and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni developed Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker adopted similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of creativity for artists, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti becoming known worldwide for their distinctive approaches to the human form and the anguish related to the human condition.

Bruce Richards

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