1957 · Austria
Brigitte Kowanz is an established contemporary visual artist, who originates from Austria, like other celebrated artists such as Gerold Tagwerker, Alessandro Painsi, Florian Pumhösl, Florian Gerhard Pöllmann, and Edgar Honetschläger. Brigitte Kowanz was born in 1957.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Brigitte Kowanz' work is on display in multiple galleries around the world, in countries like Austria, Switzerland, and Germany. Galleries exhibiting Brigitte Kowanz' work include Galerie Nikolaus Ruzicska in Austria, Häusler Contemporary | Zurich in Switzerland, and VogelART in Germany. Brigitte Kowanz most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Galerie Lisa Kandlhofer in Vienna (07 September 2019 until 26 October 2019) with the exhibition GALERIE KANDLHOFER | SCULPTURE GARDEN. Brigitte Kowanz' other most recent exhibitions listed on Artland include the exhibitions; Against the Doctrine. Oswald Oberhuber and his World. (11 September 2019 - 11 October 2019) at Galerie Ernst Hilger in Austria and Dialogue II: Light (19 March 2020 - 30 April 2020) at Häusler Contemporary | Zurich in Switzerland. Brigitte Kowanz' first recorded exhibition in Artland's database was called Matter of Reflection and took place at Häusler Contemporary | Zurich in Switzerland from the 25 January 2019 to 16 March 2019.
Historical Context of Austria
At the start of the 20th century, Austria was among the most pioneering and culturally progressive countries. It fostered key developments in the Arts and Crafts Movement and Art Nouveau, called Jugendstil in German, from around 1895 to 1910, forming a key bridge between the nineteenth century and the commencement of modernism. This kind of progressive, avant-garde thinking led directly into the Viennese Secession movement, one of the key art and design movements of the early twentieth century. It was founded in 1897 by a group of Austrian painters, graphic artists, sculptors and architects, including Josef Hoffman Koloman Moser, Otto Wagner, and Gustave Klimt, when artists resigned, en masse, from the Association of Austrian Artists in protest against its support for more traditional artistic styles. and an exchange of ideas with artists outside Austria, disputing artistic nationalism, renewing the decorative arts and, most crucially, creating a "total art (Gesamtkunstwerk)" that unified painting, architecture, and the decorative arts. The group was fervently opposed to the dominance of the official Vienna Academy of the Arts (the Vienna Künstlerhaus), and official art salons, with their traditional orientation toward Historicism. Ultimately the group broke apart, the decorative artists choosing instead to focus on a new guild called the Wiener Werkstatte. In the late 1930s, Austria was annexed by the growing force of Hitler's Nazi Germany, an act known as the Anschluss, and which organised Austria into a province of a greater German Reich. During this period, like in Germany, the Avant-garde was named 'Entartete Kunst', translating to 'degenerate art', and was oppressed with only 'official' social realist art being approved, or even allowed by the state. Consequently, there was a significant exodus of creative talent who determined that their interests would be best served by moving to London or New York. In the 20th century, key Austrian artists included Josef Hoffman, Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele, Herbert Bayer (the typography and graphic design pioneer of the Bauhaus), architect and designer Josef Frank, Oskar Kokoschka, Alfred Kubin, Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Maria Lassnig, Hermann Nitsch, Arnulf Rainer, Franz West and Erwin Wurm.
Further Biographical Context for Brigitte Kowanz
Brigitte Kowanz was born in 1957, grew up during the 1970s and was influenced by the artistic atmosphere of the time. The art sphere of the 1970s was epitomized by a wish to evolve and strengthen itself, as a response to the many conflicts of the previous decade. One of the most important movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which appeared as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative voyage of Process art emerged by combining essential elements of Conceptualism with further considerations on art itself. The initial ideas of environmentalism bounced from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, sculpting the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the regression of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly resurfaced and regained its status, predominantly in Germany through the works of critically acclaimed figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. The city of New York persisted as the most prominent artistic hub of the decade, with global artists drifting through the downtown scene, visiting bars and art galleries, strengthening the idea of New York City as a cosmopolitan and refined cultural capital. Reaching the end of the 1970s, street art, evolving from graffiti, was starting to truly captivate the fine art community. Keith Haring and Jean-Michel Basquiat helped legitimize spray painting and tagging, proving that their artworks could exist at the same time in art galleries and on city walls. Following, the international reach of street art would become extremely influential, representing an astonishing form of artistic expression.