Boris Léonidovitch Chapko
Boris Léonidovitch Chapko is an established contemporary visual artist, Boris Léonidovitch Chapko was born in 1945. Artists like Don Suggs, Carol Breen, Carl Palazzolo, Ann Christensen, and Nobuyoshi Aoyama were also born in 1945.
Further Biographical Context for Boris Léonidovitch Chapko
Born in 1945, Boris Léonidovitch Chapko was largely inspired by the 1960s. The astronomical impact of the 1960s was truly sensational across the globe. Representative of a time inspiring both faith and anger, the 1960s triggered an explosion of new ideologies and movements, truly exciting and spectacular. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly powerful impact worldwide, mainly defined by the Iron Curtain separating Europe both physically and spiritually, and significantly marked by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing assumptions on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The significant boom of mass consumerism also defined the era, generating new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism established the central idea that art should subsist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the real world. Born of a desire to erase all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism became a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to delve into some of the most fundamental ideologies of Abstract Expressionism, while eliminating the expressive and highly personal aspect it would usually entail with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply identifying with Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own nuances and scopes, particular to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for example, was established in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies embraced by the Zero group in Germany. Across Europe, the ideologies of Existentialism strongly influenced artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who sought to portray the raw human emotions often connected to reflections on death and the lingering anxiety of the meaninglessness of life.