Birgit Jürgenssen

1949 · Austria

Artist biography

Birgit Jürgenssen is regarded as a well established artist, who was born and brought up in Austria, like other renowned artists such as Anja Manfredi, Ernst Haas, Norbert Brunner, Olga Neuwirth, and Israel Hershberg. Birgit Jürgenssen was born in 1949.

Galleries and Exhibitions

Two galleries around the world represent and exhibit Birgit Jürgenssen's work. These are Galerie Hubert Winter in Austria and Fergus McCaffrey | New York in the United States. Birgit Jürgenssen most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Galerie Hubert Winter in Vienna (18 January 2019 until 16 February 2019) with the exhibition Solo Exhibition. Birgit Jürgenssen's other most recent exhibitions listed on Artland include the exhibitions at; Galerie Elisabeth & Klaus Thoman | Vienna in Austria (14 September 2018 - 13 October 2018) with the name vienna waits for you - take care! and Gladstone Gallery in Belgium (23 October 2018 - 22 December 2018) with the name Solo Exhibition . Birgit Jürgenssen's first listed exhibition in Artland's database was called vienna waits for you - take care! and took place at Galerie Elisabeth & Klaus Thoman | Vienna in Austria from the 14 September 2018 to 13 October 2018.

Historical Context of Austria

At the start of the twentieth century, Austria was among the most innovative and culturally progressive countries. It fostered important developments in the Arts and Crafts Movement and Art Nouveau, called Jugendstil in German, from around 1895 to 1910, forming an important bridge between the nineteenth century and the onset of modernism. This kind of progressive, avant-garde thinking led directly into the Viennese Secession movement, one of the key art and design movements of the early twentieth century. It was formed in 1897 by a group of Austrian painters, graphic artists, sculptors and architects, including Josef Hoffman Koloman Moser, Otto Wagner, and Gustave Klimt, when artists resigned, en masse, from the Association of Austrian Artists in protest against its support for more traditional artistic styles. and an exchange of ideas with artists outside Austria, disputing artistic nationalism, renewing the decorative arts and, most crucially, creating a "total art (Gesamtkunstwerk)" that unified painting, architecture, and the decorative arts. The group was vehemently opposed to the domination of the official Vienna Academy of the Arts (the Vienna Künstlerhaus), and official art salons, with their traditional orientation toward Historicism. Ultimately the group broke apart, the decorative artists choosing instead to focus on a new guild called the Wiener Werkstatte. In the late 1930s, Austria was annexed by the growing force of Hitler's Nazi Germany, an act known as the Anschluss, and which organised Austria into a province of a greater German Reich. During this period, like in Germany, the Avant-garde was labelled 'Entartete Kunst', translating to 'degenerate art', and was oppressed with only 'official' social realist art being approved, or even allowed by the state. Consequently, there was a noticeable exodus of creative talent who decided that their interests would be best served by relocating to London or New York. In the twentieth century, important Austrian artists included Josef Hoffman, Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele, Herbert Bayer (the typography and graphic design pioneer of the Bauhaus), architect and designer Josef Frank, Oskar Kokoschka, Alfred Kubin, Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Maria Lassnig, Hermann Nitsch, Arnulf Rainer, Franz West and Erwin Wurm.

Further Biographical Context for Birgit Jürgenssen

Born in 1949, Birgit Jürgenssen was as deeply indebted to the events of the 1960s as their formative influences. The astronomical impact of the 1960s was truly astonishing across the globe. Illustrative of a time inspiring both hope and anger, the 1960s prompted an explosion of cutting-edge philosophies and movements, truly exciting and spectacular. Historically established in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly powerful impact globally, largely defined by the Iron Curtain separating Europe both physically and spiritually, and significantly marked by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing expectations on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The incredible boom of mass consumerism also defined the era, engendering new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism established the central idea that art should exist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the physical world. Born of a desire to erase all pre-established conceptions about art, Minimalism became a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Minimalism became significant through the works of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley, while Pop art was an essential by-product of the latter, simultaneously critiquing and glorifying popular culture. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own distinctions and scopes, particular to different areas or countries. Spatialism, for example, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies adopted by the Zero group in Germany. Across Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism strongly influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who sought to portray the raw human emotions often associated with reflections on death and the lingering angst of the meaninglessness of life.

Birgit Jürgenssen

  • Exhibitions 6

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