1978 · Netherlands
Berndnaut Smilde is seen as an established mid-career contemporary artist, who originates from the Netherlands, like other artists such as Robert Lambermont, Godfried Dols, Levi-Van-Veluw, Koos Breukel, and Ronald In T Hout. Berndnaut Smilde was born in 1978.
Historical Context of Netherlands
In the post-Impressionist era, the dutch Vincent Van Gogh is considered among one of the most significant innovators, and is of course seen as one of the most remarkable painters of all time, regardless of the era. Willem de Kooning is also Dutch, although he emigrated to the United States in his youth and his work is most closely related to the New York City Abstract Expressionist era of the late 1940s and 1950s.
Further Biographical Context for Berndnaut Smilde
Berndnaut Smilde was born in 1978 and was predominantly influenced creatively by the 1990s. In the United Kingdom, a collective of artists known as the YBAs, or Young British Artists, dominated the artistic culture of the decade. They were a loosely affiliated and diverse group, connected generally by their age and nationality. A number of the members had attended the Royal College of Art and Goldsmiths in London, and were favoured by Charles Saatchi, the ‘super collector’ of art at the time. The most famous member of YBAs is arguably Damien Hirst, and other members included Chris Ofili, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Gavin Turk, Sarah Lucas and Sam Taylor-Johnson (née Sam Taylor-Wood). Through their use of shock tactics and sensationalism, the YBAs gained a controversial public image which was further fuelled by their use of throwaway materials, wild lifestyles and an attitude that was at the same time rebellious and entrepreneurial. The group was predominant in the British art scene in the 1990s and their group show ‘Sensation’ is now viewed as legendary. The art world was influenced by a number of trends throughout the 1990s, the controversial, hyper-realistic sculptures of Maurizio Cattelan and the sensitive, conceptual work of Felix Gonzalez-Torres epitomised the cultural tone of the era.