1957 · Spain
Bernardo Torrens is an established artist, who originates from Spain. Bernardo Torrens was born in 1957. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include Miquel Barceló and Juan Muñoz.
Bernardo Torrens' exhibition
Bernardo Torrens most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Louis K. Meisel Gallery in New York with the exhibition Skin and Soul . The exhibition was open from 29 April 2019 until 07 June 2019.
Historical Context of Spain
Spain has played a crucial role in the development of art in the twentieth century. In the early 1900s, a young Pablo Picasso developed a distinctively expressive approach to figuration in the post-Impressionist era, initially with his Blue then Rose periods, although he was to settle in Paris in 1904. Picasso was also the chief founding member of the Cubist movement, a group in which he was joined by fellow Spaniard Juan Gris. Both Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were prominent figures in the Surrealist movement, though they were also domiciled in France for large parts of their careers. Throughout the twentieth century the political and cultural landscape of Spain was ruled by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco whose dictatorship ruled the country, in one form or another, from 1939 until 1975, at which time the monarchy was restored to Juan-Carlos I who then implemented considerable reform. The Franco regime was characterised by its brutal anti-communist stance, and the departure of important intellectual and cultural figures that elected not to live under an oppressive regime. The cultural life of the avant-garde suffered greatly, since liberal artistic movements are often noted for their leftist leanings. Important modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo, and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Bernardo Torrens
Born in 1957, Bernardo Torrens' creative work was primarily influenced by the 1970s. The 1970s were a period of consolidation and progress in the arts, most often characterised as a response to the dominant strains of the previous decade. Conceptual art developed as a key movement, and was in part an evolution of and response to minimalism. Land Art took the works of art into the spacious outdoors, taking creative production away from commodities and looking to engage with the earliest ideas of environmentalism. Process art combined elements of conceptualism with other formal reflections, creating mysterious and experimental bodies of work. Expressive figurative painting began to regain importance for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism twenty years before, especially in Germany where Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz became highly influential figures worldwide. New York maintained an important position in the international art world, ensuring that international artists continued to flock to the galleries, bars and downtown scene there. The largely Italian Arte Povera Movement gained world-wide recognition during the 1970s, with artists like Jannis Kounnelis, Mario Merz, and Michelangelo Pistoletto attaining global praise.