Belle Baranceanu

1902 · United States

Artist biography

Belle Baranceanu was an artist, who originates from the United States. Belle Baranceanu was born in 1902. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Ansel Adams, Walker Evans, Mark Rothko, Willem de Kooning and Arshile Gorky.

Belle Baranceanu's Gallery representation

Belle Baranceanu is represented by Richard Norton Gallery located in Chicago, the United States.

Historical Context of United States

The United States, especially New York city, endures as a focal point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new multinational and highly influential art centre emerged in the post war era, and the city succeeded in asserting its dominance over Paris, which used to be considered as the most powerful global art centre.

The authority of the political and economic institutions of the United States in the modern sphere has granted the country with a powerful influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are essential art movements that emerged in the United States. These very movements also reverberated into a multitude of variations, such as diverse forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the contemporary period age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Belle Baranceanu

Belle Baranceanu was born in 1902 and grew up during the 1920s and was influenced by the artistic culture of the time. The 1920s and 1930s saw continued development and evolution of the key innovations of the primary years of the twentieth century. To have this time as the formative period for an artist was to be surrounded by innovative practitioners of the visual arts. It was also a time of recovery and introspection after the horrors of the First World War, which saw important shifts in politics. Marxism was a prevalent political ideology which was also particularly influential amid artists and their communities.

The Bauhaus was founded in 1919, and became an essential place surrounding notions in favour of the unification of art, craft and design disciplines – an idea that became known as the Gesamtkunstwerk. Surrealism came to be the predominant expressive mode of the 1920s, and was aided by the liberalism of Germany’s Weimar Republic, which was an environment that allowed for remarkable creative growth.

Important artistic developments included a kind of expressive characteristic which was exemplified by Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine in Paris. Surrealism advanced throughout the 1920s and 1930s, with a focus on the human unconscious - a key idea of Freudian theory. Key Surrealist artists include Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Due to its cultural importance, much of this ideology spread internationally.

Belle Baranceanu

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