Bault in private collections
Historical Context of France
France has been a significant country in the development of modernism. During the 19th century, France established the foundations of what is today known as the avant-garde, including movements such as Impressionism, Post-Impressionism and Art Nouveau, led by world renowned artists. During the first part of the twentieth century, Paris was a crucial intellectual and cultural centre, establishing cutting-edge movements such as Cubism, Fauvism, Dadaism and Surrealism, amongst others. These movements blossomed at the beginning of the century, in the period immediately preceding the Second World War. Major French artistic figures from the beginning of the century include Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque (Spanish national who settled in France) Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, and Le Corbusier amongst a multitude of others.