1905 · United States
Barnett Newman is seen as an established contemporary artist, who was born in the United States. Barnett Newman was born in 1905. Born in the same country and of the same generation are Franz Kline, Walker Evans, Lee Krasner, Willem de Kooning and Arshile Gorky.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Barnett Newman is represented by two galleries. These are Brooke Alexander, Inc. and Craig F. Starr Gallery in New York, the United States. Barnett Newman most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Almine Rech Gallery | New York in the United States with the exhibition Lineup. The exhibition was open from 29 October 2019 until 13 December 2019.
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been key in the development of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, particularly in the post war period, when the cultural importance of New York asserted its influence over Paris, previously considered as the most significant art centre globally. Leading art movements established and cultivated in important ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in various forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast variations, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern iterations of these many movements. In the modern and contemporary sphere, the United States has exercised a strong influence over the visual culture of the World, due to the hegemony of its economic and political institutions. Key examples of critically acclaimed U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Barnett Newman
Born in 1905, Barnett Newman was predominantly inspired by the 1920s. The key innovations formed in the early years of the 20th century were matured further in the 1920s and 1930s. This period established the careers of many innovative and inspiring practitioners in the pictorial arts. However it was a period of reflection following the horrors of the First World War, and significant shifts in politics took place internationally. The philosophy of Marxism was widespread among artist communities and groups. In Paris, artists such as Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine developed methods of art which were expressive and dynamic. Surrealism continued to mature in the 1920s and 1930s, and focused on the human unconscious and Freudian theory. Important artists to arise from this movement were Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Surrealism spread as an ideology on a global scale due to its cultural significance, and grew to become the integral expressive mode of the 1920s. It was aided by the liberal characteristics of Weimar Republic in Germany, and flourished under this way of thinking.